Fluxgate magnetometers employ a saturable core driven by a high frequency carrier parametrically up convert low frequency magnetic field variations to sidebands on the carrier. This approach produces a low noise, high accuracy sensor. The magnetometer electronics consist of a 3-axis servo system which nulls magnetic field changes applied to the saturable cores. This design produces a very linear response over the entire dynamic range of the system.
Fluxgate magnetometers can be used to measure the Earth’s magnetic field and thereby determine the orientation of the instrument and whatever carries it. Magnetometers can measure roll, pitch, and yaw. Magnetometers can also be used to measure fluctuations in the earth’s magnetic field. And magnetometers can be used to measure other magnetic fields such as those generated by the human body.